Everyone feels anxious at some point in their life, and it’s a completely normal emotion! For instance, you might feel worried and nervous before an exam, or when facing a problem at work or at home. However, for some people, feeling anxious can be an ongoing problem; they can find feelings of anxiety difficult to control and it may even affect their personal lives. An anxiety disorder is not just a feeling of unease and involves more than temporary worry or fear.
If you’re struggling with constant anxiety and feel overwhelmed, and these emotions interfere with your daily routine, wait no longer and visit our licensed psychologist in San Antonio.
What is an anxiety disorder and what are the types?
An anxiety disorder is a common condition and can affect people regardless of age and gender (slightly more women are affected than men).
What is the difference between anxiety and anxiety disorders? Symptoms of anxiety and symptoms of an anxiety disorder are similar, but an anxiety disorder is further characterized by persistent, intense, and excessive fear involving everyday situations which can interfere with daily life. There are a number of different types of anxiety disorders:
- Generalized anxiety disorder (GAD)
- GAD is a long-term condition that causes consistent feelings of anxiety regarding a wide variety of issues and situations (rather than a particular event) or even feeling anxious with no tangible reason.
- Panic attack disorder
- A panic attack disorder is an anxiety disorder where you have sudden attacks of panic, anxiety, and fear; these attacks occur regularly and at any time, usually for no obvious reason.
- Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD)
- PTSD is characterized by strong anxious reactions caused by stressful, frightening, or distressing events. Someone who struggles with PTSD frequently may re-experience the traumatic event through nightmares and flashbacks, and may also experience feelings of isolation, guilt, and irritability. The memories, nightmares, and flashbacks of the event can be so realistic that they provoke uncontrollable anxious reactions and symptoms. Many people with PTSD feel helpless to eliminate the negative memories, flashbacks, and nightmares.
If you are suffering from post-traumatic stress disorder, schedule an appointment with our therapist in San Antonio, who will provide treatment specifically designed to effectively and efficiently treat your PTSD. Don’t let an anxiety disorder have such a significant impact on your day-to-day life–your anxiety disorder can be treated successfully with the right help!
- Social anxiety disorder (social phobia)
- Social anxiety disorder is a long-lasting and overwhelming fear of social situations. A person with social phobia is afraid of what people may think of them; in general, socially anxious people have low self-esteem and self-worth issues and their major concern is a fear of rejection.
- Specific phobias (such as agoraphobia or claustrophobia)
- Specific phobias are characterized by an extreme and overwhelming fear of an object, place, situation, feeling, or animal. They develop when a person has an exaggerated or unrealistic sense of danger about a situation or object; the disorder provokes panic attacks in some people. There are many specific phobias, the most common being fear of heights, spiders, snakes, small spaces, being trapped with no exit, and flying.
- Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD)
- OCD is characterized by recurring, unwanted thoughts, ideas, actions, urges, and sensations (obsessions) that appear in your mind and seem difficult to stop. Compulsions are repetitive activities that you perform to reduce the anxiety caused by the obsession–for example, such repetitive behaviors as hand washing or cleaning. Any excessively repetitive behavior can have a significant effect on a person’s daily life and social interactions.
Common psychological and physical symptoms of anxiety
Anxiety can have both psychological and physical symptoms. Psychological symptoms occur in a stressful situation when you feel excessive and irrational fear and worry, have concentration problems and are not able to focus on the present. Physical symptoms occur in a stressful situation when your body releases stress hormones (such as adrenaline and cortisol) which increase your heart rate and sweating. Here are the most common symptoms of anxiety:
- Feeling uneasy and nervous most of the time
- Feeling tense and unable to relax
- Having difficulty sleeping
- Being unable to concentrate
- Having a sense of impending danger, panic or doom
- Being irritable
- Needing frequent reassurance from other people
- Feeling tearful
- Increased heart rate
- Breathing rapidly and an inability to breathe deeply
- Feeling weak or tired
- Palpitations (irregular heartbeats)
- Feeling light-headed or dizzy
- Headaches, backache or other kinds of pain
- Having hot flashes for no reason
- Feeling cold for no reason
- Nausea (feeling sick)
- Stomach cramps
- Needing the toilet more or less often
Learn more: San Antonio Psychologist
Valiant Mental Health is the only clinic in San Antonio to exclusively provide Empirically Supported Treatments. Dr. Ann Marie Hernandez is a clinical psychologist with extensive experience in assessment and intervention in clinical and research settings. She provides comprehensive psychological evaluations for diagnosis and treatment planning, legal requirements, and disability/vocational determinations. Dr. Hernandez has published widely in the areas of suicide, PTSD, and chronic pain.
If you or a loved one are struggling with an anxiety disorder, there is no need to suffer any longer! Visit our clinic to receive psychological counseling; we will help you keep a clear mind and manage any stress, anxiety, phobias, or other mental or health problems you may be facing. We want to maximize your mental health and help you live a better life. If you would like more information about our San Antonio therapist, do not hesitate to Contact Us.
“The material contained on this site is for informational purposes only and DOES NOT CONSTITUTE THE PROVIDING OF MEDICAL ADVICE, and is not intended to be a substitute for independent professional medical judgment, advice, diagnosis, or treatment. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health care provider with any questions or concerns you may have regarding your health.”